Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Photosynthetic capacity in Amorpha fruticosa, Acer negundo, Ailanthus altissima and Eleagnus angustifolia, the invasive plants vs. native plant in Danube Delta biosphere reserve areas.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse gas- exchange parameters and chlorophylls synthesis in order to establish the photosynthetic capacity of some ligneous plants with invasive behaviour in comparison with native trees in areas of Danube Delta. The investigation was carried nearly of Razelm Lake (Beştepe hill), a xerophilous coastal meadow with clumps of trees (fallow vine plantation) and in three other plots (Plaur I, Plaur II and Pătlăgeanca) situated along Chilia branch. Photosynthesis rate registered lower values in Amorpha fruticosa (3.53 μmol m-2-s-1) in comparison with Populus alba, young plantation (33 μmol m-2-s-1), lower value in Ailanthus altissima (13.5 μmol m-2-s-1) in comparison with Fraxinus ornus (14.54 μmol m-2-s-1), comparable values in Acer negundo with Amorpha fruticosa (close to 3.5 μmol m-2-s-1). Generally, the investigated invasive plant registered a lower respiration rate than non-invasive/native species. Transpiration was direct proportional with photosynthesis rate and with stomatal conductance. Photo-assimilatory pigments represented by chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids as total registered in Ailanthus altissima being by approximative 1.4 times higher in comparison with Crataegus monogyna and Fraxinus ornus (Beştepe station), by 1.5 times higher in Amorpha fruticosa than Acer negundo in ruderal area (Plaur I) and having close values at Amorpha fruticosa and Populus alba in riparian plantation (Plaur II). Analysis of photosynthetic capacity revealed the competition strategy between invasive plant and native or even among invasive, especially co-dominant species such as Amorpha fruticosa vs. Populus alba, Amorpha fruticosa vs. Acer negundo, Ailanthus altissima vs. Fraxinus ornus and Eleagnus angustifolia against Salix alba in studied areas.