Effects of camptothecin on histological structures and gene expression profiles of fat bodies in Spodoptera frugiperda.
Spodoptera frugiperda is a serious threat to global food production. Our previous study demonstrated that Camptothecin (CPT), a bioactive secondary metabolite from Camptotheca acuminata (Decne: Nyssaceae), exhibits adverse impact on the larval midgut of S. frugiperda and inhibits insect growth. However, effects of CPT on fat bodies of S. frugiperda larvae have not been examined yet. In the present study, we found that histological structures of fat bodies of S. frugiperda larvae were damaged in insects treated with CPT. Comparative transcriptomic analyses among different fat body samples from controls and insects treated with 1.0 and 5.0 μg/g CPT were performed. A total of 4212 and 5044 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the samples treated with 1.0 and 5.0 μg/g CPT, respectively. Our data indicated that the pathways of detoxification, immune response, fatty acids, chitin, and hormone biosynthesis in fat bodies were affected by CPT treatments based on DEGs. These results provided a comprehensive view of the damage and gene expression changes in fat bodies of S. frugiperda after CPT exposure, which shall be useful to reveal the mechanism of CPT toxicity against S. frugiperda in future.