Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Characterization and gene expression of vitellogenesis-related transcripts in the hepatopancreas and ovary of the red swamp crayfish, procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852), during reproductive cycle.

Abstract

The major component of the animal egg yolk is the lipoglycoprotein vitellin, derived from its precursor vitellogenin (VTG), which is produced species-specifically in decapod crustaceans in the hepatopancreas and/or in the ovary of reproductive females. Previous studies on Procambarus clarkii vitellogenesis report the existence of two single VTGs. Here, from a multiple tissue transcriptome including ovaries and hepatopancreas of P. clarkii, we characterized four different VTG and two VTG-like transcriptomes encoding for the discoidal lipoprotein-high density lipoprotein/β-glucan binding protein (dLp/HDL-BGBP). The relative expression of the various genes was evaluated by quantitative Real-Time PCR in both the ovary and hepatopancreas of females at different reproductive stages (from immature until fully mature oocytes). These studies revealed tissue-specificity and a reproductive stage related expression for the VTGs and a constitutive expression in the hepatopancreas of dLp/HDL-BGBP independent from the reproductive stage. This study may lead to more detailed study of the vitellogenins, their transcription regulation, and to the determination of broader patterns of expression present in the female hepatopancreas and ovary during the vitellogenesis. These findings provide a starting point useful for two different practical aims. The first is related to studies on P. clarkii reproduction, since this species is highly appreciated on the market worldwide. The second is related to the study of new potential interference in P. clarkii reproduction to delay or inhibit the worldwide spread of this aggressively invasive species.