Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The seroprevalence of the newly identified porcine circovirus type 4 in China investigated by an enzymed-linked immunosorbent assay.

Abstract

Porcine circovirus 4 (PCV4) is the fourth porcine circovirus newly identified in China, and it could be detected in diseased and healthy pigs. To date, the prevalence of PCV4 DNA in pig herds has been investigated in many provinces from both China and Korea, with positive rates varied from 3.28% to 25.4% in samples from different regions. However, up to now no serological data have been reported to evaluate the prevalence of PCV4 in pig herds. In this study, an indirect anti-PCV4 IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on replicase protein (Rep) was developed and utilized to investigate the seroprevalence of PCV4 in pig herds of China. A total of 1790 swine serum samples from 17 provinces of China were tested including samples confirmed positive for PCV4 DNA. There was no cross-reactivity of this ELISA with PCV1, PCV2 and PCV3. PCV4 Rep antibodies have been detected in serum samples from 16 out of 17 provinces in China. The PCV4 overall seroprevalence was 43.97%, with the highest of 67.8% been detected in sows, followed by fattening and suckling pigs with positive rates of 35.0% and 14.56%, respectively, and the lowest of 12.61% been detected in nursery pigs. Moreover, from the present data, the earliest positive sample could be retrieved to at least 2008. The present study provides an overall seroprevalence of PCV4 in China, and is helpful to understand the prevalence of PCV4 in the pig herds since it was discovered.