Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Understanding the possible impact of exotic parrots on human health.

Abstract

Parrots are birds that live in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. International trade of parrots is carried out according to the CITES Convention. A total of 135 parrot species were imported and 40 parrot species re-exported between 1982 and 2016 in Turkey. Exotic parrots have started to spread and established breeding populations only in and around city centres of Turkey. Introduction and establishment of alien species in the country is unwanted situation because alien species can have adverse effects on ecosystem, economic, human health and social factors in countries. Therefore, alien species should be monitored. The impact of exotic parrots to human health is assessed in this study. The alien Rose ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) (RRP) and Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria) (AP) do not have any impact on human health until now in Turkey, but various microorganisms and vectors may be carried with exotic parrot species in future. RRP and AP live in the wild as a result of intentional or accidental introductions. Besides, pet trade on these species continues in Turkey. This is a problem in terms of biosecurity. Biosecurity measures should be increased in Turkey. Incorrect scientific researches should not be considered in the management of these species.