Tree-ring chronology data of non-native Pinus kesiya (Royle ex Gordon) in Zambia.
Although Pinus kesiya (Royle ex Gordon) is endemic to South Asia, where it grows naturally in pure stands, its growth trajectory in Zambia has not been evaluated. It is estimated that half of the P. kesiya plantation total area is found close to the Copper mine smelters, and the other half is in remote locations approximately 30 km away from the mining activities. Variation in tree growth of non-native P. kesiya forests between these locations in Zambia has been observed, but the causes are unknown. We tested the hypotheses that (i) P. kesiya annual tree-rings are cross-datable, (ii) the signals and noise in the growth ring patterns are modulated by variations in precipitation, temperature, solar radiation, and site conditions. We collected data from 67 trees growing close to the emission source and also in the location 30 km away. Site-specific tree ring-width data was collected and chronology built for P. kesiya. We present ring-width chronology data that may be used to infer the radial growth periodicity of P. keskya at each site. The re-use potential of the data presented includes developing carbon sequestration, yield, and growth models and assessing forest resilience to climate change. It is also intended to enhance the understanding of tree growth and productivity dynamics of non-native pine species. See the article "Assessing cross-datable distinct annual growth rings in non-native Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon in Zambia" for more information.