Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Draft genome sequence, annotation and SSR mining data of Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), the coconut Rhinoceros beetle.

Abstract

The coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), is one of the major pests of coconut causing severe yield losses. The adult beetles feed on unopened spear leaf (resulting in the typical 'V'-shaped cuts), spathes, inflorescence, and tender nut leading to stunted palm growth and yield reduction. Moreover, these damages serve as predisposing factors to the entry of other fatal enemies on palms, viz., red palm weevil and bud rot disease, causing yield loss as high as 10%. CRB attacks juvenile palms through the collar region, affecting the growth and initial establishment of the juvenile palms. While the immature stages of CRB sustain on organic debris, the adult beetles are ubiquitous pests on coconut and other palms. The discovery of a new invasive haplotype of CRB from Guam and other Pacific Islands, insensitive to Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (OrNV), a potent biocontrol agent, has raised serious concerns. The draft genome sequence and simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker data for this important pest of coconut are presented here. A total of 30 Gb of sequence data from an individual third instar larva was obtained on an Illumina HiSeq X Five platform. The draft genome assembly was found to be 372 Mb, with 97.6% completeness based on Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs (BUSCO) assessment. Functional gene annotation predicted about 16,241 genes. In addition, a total of 21,999 putative simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were identified. The obtained draft genome is a valuable resource for comprehending population genetics, dispersal patterns, phylogenetics, and species behavior.