Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Finds of polemochorous plants in the tract "zeleninskiy les" (Bryansk Region).

Abstract

The article discusses the phenomenon of finds of Central European plants in Russia at the places of deployment of German troops during the Great Patriotic War. The distribution of 10 alien species found in the southeast of the Bryansk region in the Zeleninsky forest tract near the city of Sevsk is considered. In 1943 the German line of defense "Hagen" passed near the city of Sevsk and military warehouses were located, from where diasporas of alien plants could be brought. Brachypodium peregrinum, Chaerophyllum aureum, Heracleum sphondylium, Phyteuma nigrum, Pimpinella major, Primula elatior are known in the Bryansk region only from this location. Alien plants have survived due to the peculiarities of nature management on the territory of the tract. Only Arrhenatherum elatius has become a stable and regular component of natural communities. Chaerophyllum aureum, Pimpinella major, Heracleum sphondylium have spread in the southern part of the tract and are regularly found along roads. Very rarely recorded in natural habitats of Brachypodium peregrinum, Chaerophyllum aureum, and Pimpinella major We were unable to find the plants noted on the territory of the tract in the 1980s: Phyteuma nigrum, Cruciata laevipes, Luzula campestris .