Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Genetic characterization of African swine fever virus from domestic pigs in India.

Abstract

African swine fever (ASF) is the most dreaded disease of pigs, which can cause mor- tality of up to 100%. Following disease outbreaks with high mortality in pigs in two states of north-east India, namely Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in early 2020, we confirmed the first occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs in India by real-time PCR, virus isolation and nucleotide sequencing. Genetic analyses in three independent genomic regions (B646L gene encoding the p72 protein, E183L gene encoding the p54 protein and the central variable region (CVR) of B602L gene) showed that the Indian ASF viruses are similar to the post-2007-p72-genotype II vi- ruses reported from Asia and Europe, suggesting the transboundary expansion of ongoing ASF outbreaks in the region.