Holistic package to mitigate exotic whiteflies on coconut.
This paper provides some information on the biology of exotic whiteflies, including their morphological characteristics, distribution and infestations in some states of India. A holistic package for exotic whitefly control in coconut culture is presented, which involves conservation biological control, mechanical control, water or botanical extract spraying, nutrition management and ecological intensification. The holistic package evolved in the biosuppression of invasive whiteflies is very practical and eco-friendly resulting in doubling farm income, enhancing ecological benefits and sustainable pest management. This approach of ecological intensification would fit in with the conservation of biological control making it self-reliant coconut-based inclusive farming and hold down invasive whiteflies in the most efficient manner. These strategies augment sustainable nut production accomplished through biological and organic pest management solutions.