Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract Full Text

Economic efficiency of comprehensive measures against coccidia of piglets in a sow house.

Abstract

A comprehensive program against exo- and endogenous stages of coccidia in pigs was tested in the conditions of a pig farm in the Moscow Region in a sow house divided into four sectors with 40 sows in each. For disinfection of sectors 1 and 2 during the preparation of the pig house, Kenocox 4% complex disinfectant was used in the recommended dose and exposure. For disinfection of sectors 3 and 4 (baseline scenario), we used a recommended dose of a hot sodium hydroxide solution 4%. Sows were transferred for farrowing 5 days after showering and treatment of their skin. Residual contamination of environmental objects was established 24 hours after disinfection. After farrowing, the piglets aged 3-5 days from 1-2 sectors were administered a suspension of toltrazuril 5% at a single dose of 30 mg of the active substance per 1 kg of weight orally as a therapeutic and prophylactic course. The piglets from 3-4 sectors served as a control and were administered saline solution in a single dose of 1 ml orally. The comprehensive measures against exo- and endogenous stages of coccidia in pigs had a positive effect on the biosecurity level of the sow house and influenced the production and economic indicators. The survivability of piglets in the experimental group after complex measures against exo- and endogenous stages of coccidia in pigs was 7.1% higher than the control group, and the increase in live weight in the experimental group was 13.9% higher. Feed consumption per unit of liveweight gain in the experimental group of piglets was 12.1% less than the control. The economic effect of the comprehensive measures against coccidia in pigs as compared with the control animals per one animal was 248.5 Rubles.