Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) situation bulletin for February with a forecast through mid-April 2021.
The Desert Locust (Schistoseca gregaria - SGR1): During February, SGR continued developing in the central outbreak region (COR) where immature swarms were reported in eastern and southern Ethiopia and central and northern Kenya. Hopper bands, fledglings and swarms continued to form in northern Somalia. The number of swarms from Somalia invading Ethiopia and Kenya significantly reduced. Control operations treated 73,838 ha in Ethiopia, 11,349 ha Kenya and 21,143 ha in Somalia (the situation in the southern region of Somalia remained unclear). A few small swarms from Kenya reached northeast Tanzania and controlled on 638 ha during the send dekad of February. In Eritrea, hopper and adult groups were detected and controlled on 1,500 ha. In Sudan, hopper bands and swarms were reported in winter breeding areas on the Red Sea coastal areas and controlled on 16,781 ha. In Saudi Arabia, hoppers, fledgling and adults persisted on the southern coast and swarms arrived in the interior of the country where egg laying will commence; control covered 104,775 ha. In Egypt, scattered adults were treated on 30 ha. In the western outbreak region (WOR), the situation remained generally calm and only some adult locusts were controlled on 20 ha in Algeria and isolated adults and limited breeding occurred in Niger and Morocco, respectively. The eastern outbreak region (EOR) remained calm. Total areas treated in February are 230,074 ha, much lower than the 316,414 ha treated in January.