Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Mediterraneibacter catenae sw178 sp. nov., an intestinal bacterium of feral chicken.

Abstract

A Gram-positive, coccobacillus, white raised and circular with an entire edge colony, and obligately anaerobic bacterium, strain SW178 was isolated from the cecum content of feral chickens in Brookings, South Dakota, USA. The most closely related strain based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain SW178 was Mediterraneibacter torques ATCC 27756T (Ruminococcus torques ATCC 27756T) with 96.94% similarity. The genome of strain SW178 is 3.18 Mbp with G+C content of 46.9 mol%. The optimal temperature and pH for growth in modified brain heart infusion (BHI-M) medium were 45°C and pH 7.5, respectively. The sole carbon sources of the strain were dextrin, L-fucose, D-galacturonic, α-D-glucose, L-rhamnose and D-sorbitol. The primary cellular fatty acids were C14 : 0, C16 : 0 and C16 : 0 dimethyl acetal (DMA). Based on the genotypic and phenotypic comparison, we proposed that strain SW178 belong to the genus Mediterraneibacter in the family Lachnospiraceae as a novel species, in which the name Mediterraneibacter catenae is proposed. The type strain is SW178 (= DSM 109242T = CCOS 1886T).