Pesticidal activity of Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. leaves against nematodes and perennial weeds.
Sliver nightshade (Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.) an invasive weed species in cultivated lands of Egypt threatens native and crop species. The allelopathic potential of this weed was assessed against nematode and weeds. The aqueous extracts of Sliver nightshade leaves and seeds exhibited strong impacts in root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita galls, egg-masses, female's numbers and juveniles' number. The incorporate dried leaves of S. elaeagnifolium with soil positively affected M. incognita infection and enhanced Eggplant Solanum melongena cv. white Balady growth traits under the greenhouse proportional to concentration. The allelopathy of aqueous extracts negatively influenced Convolvulus arvensis, Polypogon monspeliensis, Phalaris minor and Triticum aestivum germination and growth. Bioassay and spectroscopic instruments guided to four active flavonoids; hydroxyl -3-methoxyflavone, quercetin, kaempferol 3β-D-(6"-O-cis-cinnamoyl glucoside) and chlorogenic acid on Convolvulus arvensis and Arabidopsis thaliana weeds total biomass. These findings proved the importance of invasive weeds allelochemicals to be considered as a source of natural pesticides into agricultural systems.