Development of a novel amine- and carboxyl-bifunctionalized hybrid monolithic column for non-invasive speciation analysis of chromium.
A novel amine- and carboxyl-bifunctionalized organic-inorganic hybrid monolithic column (A&C-HMC) was synthesized via one-pot co-condensation of N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt and tetramethoxysilane with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and polyethylene glycol 6000 as binary porogens in this work. The introduction of the binary porogens controllably improved the morphology and pore structure of A&C-hybrid monolith (HM) and made the active sites of amine and carboxyl groups more prolific, compared with the monolith prepared with either of porogens. It is found that Cr(VI) and Cr(III) can be selectively adsorbed on A&C-HM under different pH ranges, and eluted by aqueous nitric acid solution completely. The A&C-HMC was used as needle-solid phase microextraction (SPME) matrix for direct separation and enrichment of inorganic chromium species coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer without any oxidation/reduction treatment. Various parameters of SPME operation and analytical performance were investigated systematically, and the adsorption mechanism was also discussed and explained in depth. In view of the advantages of facile preparation, low cost, excellent speciation selectivity and high adsorption capacity to Cr(VI) and Cr(III), the A&C-HMC based SPME protocol is a promising alternative for non-disturbed speciation analysis of inorganic chromium in real environmental water samples.