Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

A preliminary toxicology study on eco-friendly control target of Spodoptera frugiperda.

Abstract

Pyrethroid and indoxacarb are commonly used pesticides to control the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) in the crops. There are a series of consequences caused by the use of pyrethroid and indoxacarb pesticides under emergency control, such as pest resistance development, contamination of soil, water, and farm products. This study analyzed the structure and physiological function of the sodium channel in S. frugiperda, which is an important step to elaborate the resistance mechanism of S. frugiperda to indoxacarb and pyrethroid pesticides. According to genetic analysis, the cloned cDNA sequences of sodium channel in S. frugiperda (SfNav) showed the shortest genetic distance with that of the sodium channel in Helicoverpa armigera. Under the induction of three pesticides, the expression of SfNav decreased in the first 12 h and then increased after 24 h. It was concluded that SfNav had a typical structure of the sodium channel of insects and its down-regulated expression can decrease the combination of S. frugiperda with pyrethroid and indoxacarb pesticides. The up-regulated expression of SfNav was conducive to the enhancement of the pesticide resistance.