Setting priorities for development of genomic and transcriptomic resources in oak forest species from Romania.
A summary of achievements in the development of genomic and transcriptomic resources in forest species are presented in an international context. The first steps in the development of genomic resource in oak species of Romania are presented and national research priorities were discussed and determined. The application of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies may foster at the national level to identify valuable genotypes of tree forest species with increased productivity and adaptive capacity. In the framework of the Research Station of Simeria was implemented a fully equipped NGS laboratory for applications that are of interest to National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry "Marin Drăcea". At the national level there is an increased interest in development of genomic and transcriptomic resources for forest species that would allow to produce valuable new knowledge about molecular mechanisms involved in adaptation processes of tree species to biotic and abiotic stress factors. For the first time, at the national level have been developed genomic resources for oak species such as Quercus pedunculiflora, Q. pubescens, Q. robur, Q. petraea, Q. virgiliana, and Q. frainetto. Additionally, genomic resources have been developed for late bud flushing variety (var. tardifolia Czern.) found in Quercus pedunculiflora and Q. robur. The late bud flushing variety (var. tardifolia Czern.) in oak species is of great importance in forestry because of harder and more durable wood (Kleinschmit, 1993), as well as this variety is less affected by defoliators (Nețoiu et al., 2016). The employment of forest material from certified genetic resources can contribute towards successful restoration of degraded forest ecosystems and to foster resilience and stability of forests to global changes.