Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae associated with invasive pneumococcal disease among adults in Japan.

Abstract

Objectives: This study evaluated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from adults (aged ≥20 years) with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Japan. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in 49 participating Japanese hospitals. S. pneumoniae isolates were serotyped and tested for antimicrobial susceptibility at a central laboratory. Information regarding patient characteristics, underlying disease, IPD clinical syndromes, and treatment was collected through medical chart review. Results: The final analysis included 177 patients enrolled from 45 hospitals between September 2016 and April 2018 (bacteraemic pneumonia, 110; bacteraemia without identified focus, 29; meningitis, 19). Most patients (70.1%) were aged ≥65 years and most had underlying disease (79.1%). The proportion of isolates from serotypes contained in the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) 23 was 61.0%, while those in the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) 7 and PCV13 were 2.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Non-vaccine serotypes accounted for 37.9% of all isolates and 50.8% of isolates from immunosuppressed patients. Serotype 12F was the most common vaccine serotype, followed by serotype 3. Conclusions: The continued disease burden of IPD in adults in Japan warrants improved vaccination rates and development of next-generation vaccines that include serotypes not currently covered.