Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Performance of seed treatments applied on Bt and non-Bt maize against fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

Abstract

Fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), is the main pest of maize in Brazil, attacking plants from emergence to reproductive stages. Here, we conducted studies to evaluate the efficacy of two seed treatments (chlorantraniliprole alone and imidacloprid combined with thiodicarb) on Bt and non-Bt maize in laboratory bioassays with distinct FAW strains that are susceptible, selected for resistance to Bt-maize single (Cry1F) or pyramided (Cry1A.105 + Cry2Ab2) events and F1 hybrids of the selected and susceptible strains (heterozygotes), and in the field against a natural infestation. In the laboratory, leaf-discs from seed treated Bt-maize plants at 7 d after emergence (DAE) increased the mortality of FAW resistant, heterozygote, and susceptible strains up to 24.8%, when compared with the respective maize grown without a seed treatment. In the field against natural infestations of FAW, Bt maize with a seed treatment had ~30% less FAW damage than non-Bt maize with the same seed treatment at 7 and 14 DAE. No differences in FAW damage was observed between Bt and non-Bt maize grown with and without a seed treatment at 21 DAE. Maize seeds treated with chlorantraniliprole alone or imidacloprid and thiodicarb combined presented limited protection against early infestations of FAW strains under laboratory and field studies.