Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Development of economic valuation method for the direct impact of alien invasive species based on food competition in aquatic ecosystems.

Abstract

Alien crayfish species (Cherax quadricarinatus and Procambarus clarkii) have been found in some Indonesian area and demonstrated invasive species characters. Despite their economic benefit the crayfish has potential ecologically disadvantage to be valuated. This study aimed to develop a valuation method to estimate economic loss due to alien invasive species on food competition basis in an aquatic ecosystem. This approach was conducted by estimating the potential loss due to food competition between invasive species and its inferior competitor. The case study was carried out in the Lido Lake and in an aquaculture site at Cisaat, Sukabumi - West Java. The research results that economic loss due to the disappearance of native Macrobrachium sintangense caused by the existence of single male C. quadricarinatus is 784 IDR and 1096 IDR for the female in Lido Lake. The potential loss of M. rosenbergii due to the single P. clarkii is 1416.76 IDR. The difference in economic loss is constituted by the quantity of feed taken by the invasive species, and the economic value of competitive inferior species. This method is clearly explained in the method section and is simple to use, but more understandable for limited economics background stakeholders. However, this approach needs a robust biological dynamic model. The valuation results become an important reference for the policymaker to develop risk analysis in concern of introduced invasive species into an ecosystem. For holistic economic loss value valuation, further studies covering space competition and potential harmful pathogen carriers are warranted.