Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Biology of fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) on artificial diets.

Abstract

Fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is one of the important invasive pests causing economic losses to maize, sorghum and other millets. This study aims to develop suitable cost-effective crop based artificial diet for its rearing and evaluates the biology under laboratory conditions. Study revealed that the least life cycle period (egg to adult) was obtained with sorghum+ chickpea based diet (D1: 31-39 days) as compared to sorghum based diet(D2: 37-44 days) and maize+ chickpea based diet (D3: 40-48 days). Fully developed larvae measured longer, broader and heavier when reared on D1, also the fecundity was maximum. A cheap artificial diet to rear S. frugiperda is thus developed in this study.