Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Change of low-molecular-weight metabolome of alien species Potamogeton pectinatus L. in Lake Ladoga in comparison with population of native range.

Abstract

The issue of the formation of the compound composition of low-molecular-weight organic compounds in aquatic macrophytes, which make up their low-molecular-weight metabolism, has hardly been studied when introducing them into new habitats. The study aims to compare the component composition of the low-molecular-weight metabolome of sago pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus L.) on the low-molecular-weight organic compounds contained in the essential oil from the invasive population in the Lake Ladoga and the populations from the native range in Astrakhan Region, Russia. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was the major research method. Upon the invasion of P. pectinatus into Lake Ladoga, there was a change in the content of various groups of low-molecular-weight organic compounds in the essential oil and a change in the complex of major components. Fatty acids (29.3-40.0%) and ketones (14.5-18.5%) prevailed in the low-molecular-weight metabolome of sago pondweed in the lakes of the native range. Ketones (27.4%) and aldehydes (18.1%) were the main groups in this species inhabiting Lake Ladoga. About a third of the compounds in the composition of the low-molecular-weight metabolome were specific both to the invasive population of the sago pondweed in the Lake Ladoga and to the population from the lakes of the native range. The plasticity of the metabolism of P. pectinatus allows it to adapt to a wide spectrum of abiotic conditions and different biological environments and to settle in new habitats, primarily those under anthropogenic impact.