Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Ichthyofaunal diversity of kharung reservoir in Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh, India.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to document the aquatic biodiversity of kharung reservoir of Bilaspur district in the year 2019. The reservoir is constructed on Kharung River which is a tributary of Mahanadi basin, Chhattisgarh. In the present study 9 orders under 29 genera and 43 species belonging to 13 different families were recorded. Cypriniformes has been found to be a dominant order with 24 species and has 56%contribution. At present the reservoir sustain the populations of Catla catla, Cirrhinus mrigala, Labeo rohita, Labeo calbasu, Cirrhinus reba, Ompok bimaculatus, Oreochromis mossambicus, Channa striata and Heteropneustes fossilis, etc are food fish and have high commercial value. Mystus sp., Wallago attu, Channa sp., Mastacembelus armatus, Macrognathus pancalus are predatory food fish. The current study has also shown that the reservoir inhabit the ornamental fishes like Puntius chola, Systomus sarana, Rasbora daniconius, Chanda nama and Parambasis ranga. Due to human intervention exotic species are also identified such as Tilapia, grass carp, bighead carp, silver carp and common carp. Hence, assessment of resources and identification of species gives a necessary support to further steps for documentation and conservation measures.