Evolution of the entities angiostrongilosis and fasciolosis during the years 2015 and 2016 in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba.
The aim of the research was to determine the behaviour of angiostrongilosis and fasciolosis in the Villa Clara province, Cuba during 2015 and 2016. Six samples were taken for each year (bimonthly) in 329 river ecosystems of the 13 municipalities that make up the province. For the collection, the short bronze strainer and the long handle strainer were used. The method used was that of capture per unit effort during 15 min without replenishment. The live mollusks collected were taken to the Medical Malacology Laboratory of Villa Clara, for their identification. Twenty-one species of mollusks were identified; of these, two were classified as endemic, 12 as local, and seven as introduced. The best represented families were Thiaridae, Lymnaeidae and Ampullariidae. The most prevalent and best represented species were Tarebia granifera Lamarck, 1816, Physella acuta (Dreparnaud, 1805), Galba cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839 and Melanoides tuberculata Müller, 1774. Considering the high richness of mollusks species of sanitary interest existing in the province, and the high values of abundance, the potential risk for human and animal health in this province becomes evident. The existence of species of mollusks with potential to complete the biological cycle can be evaluated for numerous species of trematodes and nematodes.