Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Inventory of invasive alien plants in India.

Abstract

Invasive alien plant species (IAPS) are serious threat to biodiversity, ecosystems and economies. In India, various publications and databases including those of BSI, NBA, ENVIS Centres, MoEF & CC and few state level inventories etc. give variable and very less number of IAPS Invasive Alien Plants in India. In present paper inventory of IAPS of India is prepared based on present available information for various parts of country. Total 1059 IAPS belonging to 587 genera and 142 families have been documented from various parts of India till now. The scientific names, their synonymsas appeared invarious publications and native range is also being given. In terms of number of species, Asteraceae (131 species), Poaceae (103 species) and Fabaceae (76 species) are most dominant families and Solanum (21 species), Cyperus (20 species) and Ipomoea (19 species) are most dominant genera. The species of North and South America nativity are most dominant (184 species), followed by Afro-Eurasian (164 species), Asian (160 species) and Afro-Asian (84 species) nativity.