Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Differences in soil ammonia oxidizing bacterial communities under unpalatable (Stellera chamaejasme L.) and palatable (Elymus nutans Griseb.) plants growing on the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau.

Abstract

A comparison of ammonia oxidizing bacterial (AOB) communities in the root zone soil of the unpalatable weedy species Stellera chamaejasme L. and the palatable species Elymus nutans Griseb. showed Stellera had different AOB present and that these AOB were characterized by having low ammonia oxidation rates. This difference is consistent with a lower nitrification rate in Stellera soils when urine was added to simulate the dynamics in animal urine patches. Lower nitrification is expected to reduce losses of nitrogen (N) to the environment leading to greater N availability for plant growth. This may provide a competitive advantage for Stellera and help explain its success as an invasive plant in the Qinghai Tibetan Plateau. Interestingly, it also implies a reduced environmental footprint of this apparently undesirable species through reduced emissions of nitrous oxide and leaching of nitrate.