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Abstract Full Text

Epidemiological and epizootological features of hydatidic echinococcosis in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.


Based on the results of retrospective epidemiological and epizootological studies, the epidemiological features of hydatidic echinococcosis in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic were determined. An assessment of the main factors of infection has been made and measures have been proposed to reduce the incidence of the population with this helmintosis. Echinococcosis in the structure of parasitic human invasions occupy a special place in connection with a long asymptomatic course, the development of formidable surgical complications, and frequent recurrences after surgical treatment. The social significance of echinococcosis is due to the primary lesion of people of working age, as well as the need for high-tech surgical interventions, long-term conservative therapy of inoperable forms of invasion, including with the aim of preventing relapse and treatment of residual forms. About 200 thousand new cases of human echinococcosis are diagnosed in the world every year. In the last 10 years, in the Russian Federation, the highest incidence rates of hydatid echinococcosis of people are recorded in the territories of the North Caucasus and Volga federal districts, annually exceeding the average federal level 2.4 -3.5 times. The Karachay-Cherkess Republic (KCR) is one of the most deprived regions of the Russian Federation with echinococcosis with formed stable endemic foci.