Emergency transboundary outbreak pests (ETOPs) situation for March with a forecast through mid-May 2019.
The Desert Locust (Schistoseca gregaria - SGR1) situation continued improving in winter breeding areas along both sides of the Red Sea coasts in the central outbreak region (COR) during March due to a combination of intensive control operations and deteriorating ecological conditions. The western outbreak region (WOR) remained generally calm and only a few adults and hoppers were reported (but not confirmed) in northern Mali and limited breeding began in eastern Algeria. In the eastern outbreak region (EOR), control operations continued against adult groups and swarms in Iran and commenced in Pakistan during March. Forecast: With ecological conditions further deteriorating along both side of the Red Sea coast, locusts will progressively migrate to the interior of Saudi Arabia and Yemen and move along the Nile Valley to northern Sudan. In EOR small-scale breeding will continue in Iran and Pakistan and locust numbers will slightly increase during the forecast period. Red (Nomadic) Locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata) (NSE): No major NSE activities were reported in the primary outbreak regions during March. However, favorable breeding conditions may have caused hoppers and bands to have begun developing in some of these regions during March. Tree Locust, Anacridium sp. Tree locust outbreak was reported in Turkana, Kenya where aerial control operations were launched by MinAgri in collaboration with the Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa (DLCO-EA). Central American Locust, Schistocerca piceifrons piceiferons (CAL): No update was received at the time this Bulletin was compiled. South American Locust, Schistocerca cancellata (SCA): No update was received at the time this Bulletin was compiled. Italian (CIT), Moroccan (DMA), and the Asian Migratory Locusts (LMI): The locust situation in the CAC region is expected to have remained generally calm during March and only some hatching was reported in Afghanistan. 1 Definitions of all acronyms can be found at the end of the report. ETOP BULLETIN III - 2019 USAID/OFDA ISSUED April 4, 2019 ETOP BULLETIN for March 2019 USAID/OFDA - AELGA Page 2 Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) (FAW): Mild FAW outbreaks were reported in late planted maize in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe during March. The pest was also reported in Ethiopia, Kenya and perhaps a similar situation may have occurred in other countries in the region and beyond during this month (for additional information, please, refer to pages 8-10). African Armyworm (AAW) (Spodoptera exempta): No AAW outbreak was reported during March. Southern Armyworm (Spodoptera eridania) (SAW): Though not reported in Africa, a pest, native to the Americas, could be a serious threat to small-holder farmers across the continent if arrived. Quelea spp. (QSP) birds: QSP outbreaks were reported in Tanzania and Ethiopia and aerial control operations were carried out by DLCO-EA in collaboration with the national Ministries of Agriculture during March. Active surveillance, monitoring, reporting, sharing information and timely implementation of preventive interventions remain critical to abate the threats ETOPs pose to food security and livelihoods of vulnerable communities. USAID/OFDA/PSPM monitors ETOPs regularly in close collaboration with its network of national PPDs/DPVs, regional and international pest monitoring and/or control entities, including FAO, CLCPRO, CRC, DLCO-EA, and IRLCO-CSA, as well as research centers, academia, private sector, NGOs and others and issues concise analytical reports and forecasts to stakeholders across the globe through its monthly Bulletins.