Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pests (ETOPs) situation for December with a forecast through mid-February 2019.
The Desert Locust (Schistoseca gregaria - SGR) situation remained generally calm in the western outbreak region (WOR) during December and only small-scale breeding was reported in Mali, Niger and Algeria. An outbreak was reported the central outbreak region (COR) in Sudan and Eritrea during December. The situation remained calm in the eastern outbreak region (EOR) during this month. Forecast: Limited-scale breeding will continue in winter breeding areas in WOR and 2nd generation breeding will occur in COR and the situation will remain calm in EOR during the forecast period. Red (Nomadic) Locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata) (NSE): Mating and egg laying occurred in primary outbreak areas where ecological conditions gradually continued improving, but overall the situation remained fairly calm during December. Tree Locust, Anacridium spp. No tree locust outbreaks were reported during this month. Central American Locust, Schistocerca piceifrons piceiferons (CAL): No update was received on CAL at the time this Bulletin was compiled. South American Locust, Schistocerca cancellata (SCA): No update was received at the time this Bulletin was compiled. Italian (CIT), Moroccan (DMA), and the Asian Migratory Locusts (LMI): The locust situation in the CAC region is expected to have remained calm during December. Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) (FAW): Moderate FAW outbreaks were reported in maize fields in the Copperbelt province in Zambia during December (for more info, refer to pages 8-10). African Armyworm (AAW) (Spodoptera exempta): Moderate AAW outbreaks were reported in maize fields in Malawi during December. Southern Armyworm (Spodoptera eridania) (SAW): Though not yet reported on [a scale] in Africa, SAW, a pest native to the Americas from southern USA to Argentina, could be a serious threat to small-holder farmers across the continent. If arrived and established it pest could become an extra heavy burden to smallholder farmers for whom struggling to fend off other newly arrived invasive pests, such as FAW and indigenous species remains to be an uphill battle. Quelea birds (QQU): QQU bird outbreaks were reported in Tanzania and Kenya. The birds were reported attacking rice and sorghum. Aerial control operations were carried out by the MinAgries with assistance by the DLCO-EA. Active surveillance, monitoring, reporting, sharing information and timely implementation of preventive interventions remain critical to abate the threats ETOPs pose to food security and livelihoods of vulnerable communities. USAID/OFDA/PSPM monitors ETOPs regularly in close collaboration with its network of national PPDs/DPVs, regional and international pest monitoring and/or control entities, including FAO, CLCPRO, CRC, DLCO-EA, and IRLCO-CSA, as well as research centers, academia, private sector, NGOs and others and issues concise analytical reports and forecasts to stakeholders across the globe through its monthly Bulletins.