Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Evaluating quantitative trait locus resistance in tomato to multiple Xanthomonas spp.

Abstract

Bacterial spot of tomato is a foliar disease caused by four Xanthomonas species. Identifying genetic resistance in wild tomatoes and subsequent breeding of varieties has been a strategy to reduce the loss from this disease because control using pesticides has been ineffective. Three independent sources of resistance have been identified with quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping to the centromeric region on chromosome 11. These sources are derived from Hawaii 7998 (QTL-11A), PI 114490 (QTL-11B), and LA2533 (QTL-11C). To determine which QTL introgression from chromosome 11 provides the greatest resistance to multiple species, we developed near-isogenic lines (NILs) using marker-assisted backcrossing. In parallel, we developed an NIL that contains Rx-4/Xv3, which provides major gene resistance to Xanthomonas perforans. Additionally, we combined Rx-4/Xv3 resistance with QTL-11A. These sources of resistance were independently introduced into the susceptible parent, OH88119. During a 3-year period from 2016 to 2018, we evaluated backcross-derived families and NILs from each source in independent field trials inoculated with X. perforans, X. euvesicatoria, or X. gardneri. Our results suggest that both QTL-11C and QTL-11A combined with Rx-4/Xv3 provide effective genetic resistance against multiple Xanthomonas species. In addition, we provide evidence for additive to dominant genetic action for the QTL introgressions.