Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Preliminary phytochemical analysis of selected plants occurring in district Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Abstract

Plants have some chemical origin that it contains important constituents and secondary metabolites, which are responsible for growth, development and other physiological action on other living organism. The current work investigated the qualitative analysis of major bioactive constituents of 10 medicinally important plants Viz Olea ferruginea, Chenopodium murale, Plantago lanceolata, Lactuca serriola, Parthenium hysterophorus, Carthamus oxycantha, Chrozophora tinctoria, Achyranthes aspera, Withania somnifera and Cichorium intybus were collected at two growth stages from different localities of district Nowshera, KP, Pakistan for their authentication. Alkaloids, Tannins, Sugar, Saponins, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Cardiac Glycosides, Phenolics and Anthraquinone were analyzed qualitatively in two phenological stages (vegetative and fruiting stage) in all botanical taxa at three chemical fraction (n-hexane, chloroform and methanolic fraction) for its high potency for utilization of medicinal plants. The phytochemical evaluation revealed the presence of these chemical compounds. It was concluded that diversity of methyl alcohol (Methanolic) extract were most important regarding the presence of different biochemical compounds and proved that these plants are highly medicinal and responsible for treatment of many ailments. Therefore, information on these accessions could be best utilized for its commercial scale.