Descriptive model of ecological restoration in areas affected by forest fires and invasion of gorse in Cerros Orientales, Bogotá.
The traceability of the recovery process of The High Andean Forests of the Cerros Orientales affected by forest fires and gorse, through conceptual models is presented. Do this information on meteorological, vegetation, social and institutional variables were reviewed, which has allowed to characterize the disturbances and their influence on this ecosystem. In the first model, the total affectation of High Andean Forests was described under a scenario of forest fire and gorse, where the vegetation component is the main fuel for the generation and propagation of fire; the consequences of the event come from the alteration in the generation of ecosystem services to the changes in the ecological succession. The second model corresponds to the transition model, where the actions that must be included for the restoration of the ecosystem are presented. Among them, there are the ecological restoration processes; such as the integrated management of the soil, the recomposition of vegetation coverage, the management and control of exotic species and the approaches between environmental institutions and the community. The third model refers to an optimum scenario for a restored ecosystem, where all the components have been restored, there is an appropriate ecological succession and an appropriation of the Cerros Orientales is produced to work as both goods and services generators. Finally, a series of conclusions that will allow coming up with the generation of models for eventual restoration processes are proposed, as well as the guidelines for the management of exotic species and the inter-institutional issues approach.