First report of hot pepper endornavirus infecting pepper in China.
Hot pepper endornavirus (HPEV), a member of the family Endornaviridae, has not been reported in China. In June 2016, approximately 10% of pepper (Capsicum annuum cv. Guofeng) plants exhibiting mild yellowing and tip wilt symptoms on leaves were noticed in two adjacent greenhouses in Feidong County, Hefei, Anhui Province, China. One leaf of eight individually symptomatic pepper plants were pooled for virus identification using high throughput small RNA sequencing. Based on sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis, the causal agent was identified as HPEV. This is thought to be the first report of a natural infection of HPEV on pepper in China.