Hymenopteran parasitoids associated with Xyleborus Eichhoff species in avocado in Colima, Mexico.
The introduction to the American continent of the beetle Xyleborus glabratus Eichhoff and its symbiont fungus Raffaelea lauricola, the cause of "laurel wilt", represents a risk for forest species, mainly of the Lauraceae family to which the avocado (Persea americana) belongs. Mexico stands out for being the largest avocado producer and exporter in the world. R. lauricola can be transmitted to native ambrosia beetles, which can spread the pathogen more rapidly in more plant species. Currently there is no effective method of control and knowledge of their natural enemies is poor. In this paper, the community of hymenopteran parasitoids associated with beetles of the genus Xyleborus Eichhoff in avocado orchards is reported. Species of the families Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Scelionidae, Figitidae, Diapriidae, Platygastridae, Agaonidae and Braconidae are reported, the latter with the most abundant species.