Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts from Spartina alterniflora on controlling the Microcystis aeruginosa blooms.

Abstract

The Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) blooms and Spartina alterniflora (S. alterniflora) invasion have caused serious damage to local ecological environment. This study validated the possibility of transforming the abandoned S. alterniflora into a biological resource to inhibit M. aeruginosa blooms through allelopathy. The results showed that the inhibitory effect became stronger with the increasing S. alterniflora concentration by decreasing chlorophyll a and weakening photosynthesis when S. alterniflora aqueous extract concentration was over 0.05 g/mL. The results of GC-MS showed that Cyclohexane, Heptane, 2-Cyclohexen-1-one, Hexadecanoic acid, 2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol and Hydrocinnamic acid may be the main allelochemicals. In addition, the S. alterniflora aqueous extract had little effect on the relative abundance and diversity of microbial communities in the culture system. This study provided a novel idea of controlling the M. aeruginosa blooms using the rapidly expanding S. alterniflora.