Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Resistance of some wood species against the white rot decay in in vitro conditions.

Abstract

The paper reports the laboratory research on the natural wood resistance against white pattern fungal wood decomposition. Wood samples of 25, both European and exotic, tree species were collected and used (tab. 1). All samples were dried and weighted, then put on the mycelium of four different white rot causing fungi species: Fomes fomentarius ((L.: Fr.) Kickx), Schizophyllum commune (Fr.: Fr.), Stereum hirsutum ((Willd.: Fr.) Gray) and Trametes versicolor ((L.: Fr.) Pilát). After 30, 60 and 90 days of exposition the samples were put out, cleaned, dried and weighted again. The weight loss indicated the range of wood decomposition and allowed to estimate its natural resistance against fungal wood decay. The results showed that in laboratory conditions the range of all fungi species trophic abilities were much wider than the one observed in nature. Examined fungi were able to destroy wood from trees they never occur on. The reasons of this could be both mechanical (the absence of bark - natural barrier for fungi) and chemical (the less of chemical substances occurring in wood of living trees that could be responsible for its natural resistance against fungi).