Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Dufulin intervenes the viroplasmic proteins as the mechanism of action against southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus.

Abstract

Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) causes disease in crops, which reduces the quality and yield. Several commercial antiviral agents are available to control the SRBSDV induced disease. However, the mechanism of antiviral agents controlling SRBSDV is largely unknown. Identifying targets in SRBSDV is a key step of antiviral agent discovery. Here, we investigated the potential protein target of the antiviral agent dufulin. We cloned and expressed a soluble viroplasmic P6 protein in the prokaryote Escherichia coli and the eukaryote Spodoptera frugiperda 9. The dissociation constants of dufulin with the purified P6 protein from E. coli and S. frugiperda 9 expression systems were 4.49 and 4.95 µM, respectively, indicating a strong binding affinity between dufulin and P6 protein. In vivo, dufulin significantly inhibited the expression of both P6 protein and P6 gene in the SRBSDV-infected rice leaves. This inhibition on P6 protein expression was also observed in transformed Nicotiana benthamiana where the P6 was overexpressed. Our data also showed that dufulin inhibited the duplication of SRBSDV in a dose-dependent manner in infected rice leaves with a half maximum effective concentration of 3.32 mM. It is therefore concluded that dufulin targets the viroplasmic protein P6 to inhibit the virulence of SRBSDV.