Phenolic compounds identified in Chrysantemum coronarium L. introduced in Ukrainian Polissya.
The paper shows the results of chromatographic analysis of phenolic compounds extracted from a valuable vegetable, medicinal, decorative plant - garland chrysanthemum (Chrysantemum coronarium L.), introduced in Ukrainian Polissya. Introduction studies were carried out on experimental plots of Botanical Gardens of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University. Chrysantemum coronarium phenolic compounds were studied by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. As a result of the research, 24 compounds of phenolic nature have been detected, from which 13 have been identified: chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, cafeoylquinic acid, n-coumaroylquinic acid, 3-methylquercetin-7-bioside, 3-methylquercetin-3-bioside, rutin, luteolin-7-glycoside, isochlorogenic acid, apigenin-7-glucoside, luteolin, 3-methylquercetin, kaemferol. The analysis proves that the dominant components are isochlorogenic acid (35.48% amount of fenolic compounds), caffeic acid (10.25%), caffeoylquinic acid (17.18%) and luteolin-7-glycoside (7.85%). The amount of the detected phenolic compounds in air-dry raw material constitutes 2.18%. The research testifies to the fact that garland chrysanthemum contains an important group of biologically active substances (hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonoids) and is a promising plant for further study and application in the food and pharmaceutical industries.