Synthesis, characterization and in vitro biological evaluation of two matrine derivatives.
Matrine is a traditional Chinese medicine and botanical pesticide with broad biological activities, including pharmacological and agricultural activities. In present work, two matrine derivatives have been successfully synthesized via introducing indole and cyclohexylamino to 13 position of matrine, respectively, with sophocarpine as starting material, and structurally characterized via infrared spectroscopy(IR), MS, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR and X-ray crystal diffraction. The results of the in vitro biological activity tests showed that these two matrine derivatives exhibited even better activities against human cancer cells Hela229 and insect cell line Sf9 from Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) than that of parent matrine, suggesting that the heterocyclic or cyclic group can dramatically increase the biological activity of matrine. It is worth to mention that 13-indole-matrine could possibly inhibit the growth of insect cells or human cancer cells by inducing cell apoptosis. The results of the present study provide useful information for further structural modifications of these compounds and for exploring new, potent anti-cancer agents and environment friendly pesticides.