First report of Tomato leaf curl virus and Croton yellow vein mosaic betasatellite infecting chilli plants in Pakistan.
In October 2014, chilli plants exhibiting geminivirus-like symptoms, including leaf curling and stunting were observed at the National Agriculture Research Centre (Islamabad, Pakistan), with an incidence of 50%. Leaf samples were collected from 10 diseased chilli plants and brought to the laboratory. The causal pathogens were isolated and identified as Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) and Croton yellow vein mosaic betasatellite (CroYVMB) based on serological and molecular analyses. This is thought to be the first report of the association of ToLCV and CroYVMB with chilli plants exhibiting leaf curl symptoms in Pakistan.