Profile of plant species in the tropical dry forest of Tolima (Colombia) exhibiting anthelmintic activity in sheep.
Phytotherapy is an area of growing scientific interest. Studies on anthelmintic bioactivity of plant species provide new alternatives to face problems such as gastrointestinal parasitism, resistance to synthetic chemical products, environmental impact, and residual activity inproducts of animal origin. To know the chemical profile of plants in the tropical dry forest (TDF) of Tolima with anthelmintic activity in sheep, a systematic study based on the document "The Tropical Dry Forest in Colombia", which includes 2569 plant species among native, naturalized, and exotic plants from Tolima, was conducted. By using the SCOPUS database, the academic Google search engine, and Microsoft Office 2010 Excel, each species was designated with the same criterion to identify those with anthelmintic activity and qualitative phytochemical content; then, the groups with the highest analysis were identified, and the species with simultaneous analysis were selected from the 3 chemical groups with the highest frequency, and the weight gain AND sheep search criteria was applied to the resulting group. 45 native, 6 naturalized, and 20 exotic species with anthelmintic activity were found. The Fabaceae (13 species), Amaranthaceae (4 species), Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, and Malvaceae (3 species each) families stand out. The three chemical groups with the high LEVELS OF PHYTOCHEMICALS were tannins, flavonoids, and alkaloids, and at a medium level saponins, steroids, and terpenoids. Simultaneous content of tannins, flavonoids and alkaloids was found in 19 native, 3 naturalized, and 12 exotic species, 5 of which present scientific report of use in sheep feed.