Procuring quality seeds and seed orchard establishment in Bangladesh: miles to go.
Seed Orchard Division (SOD) of Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI) was established in aim to conduct research on seed storage behaviour, seed quality assessment, develop quality planting materials, plus tree selection, and seed orchard establishment and management in Bangladesh. SOD has conserved a total of seeds of 70 native and exotic tree species at national seed centre. They have raised 925 acres of Seed Orchard of 20 species and 300 acres of seed stands of 4 species. SOD has successfully developed the vegetative propagation method of Tectona grandis, Gmelina arborea, Dipterocarpus turbinatus, Syzygium firmum, Swietenia mahagoni, Chickrassia tabularis, Toona ciliate, Xylia xylocarpa, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Bombax ceiba, Neolamarckia cadamba and Acacia hybrid. Besides, SOD has maintained a seed distribution channel along with their stakeholders like, Bangladesh Forest Department, Government Organizations, NGOs, Nursery, and individual farmers. Seed, Orchard Division published 21 research articles on seed orchard establishment, tree improvement, seed germination of important native and exotic tree species. This paper reviews and analyzes the last 42 years of research activities of SOD and identifies the potentials and problems of ensuring the quality seed sources and seed orchard establishment and management for increasing the forest resources of Bangladesh.