Sabalpalm (Sabal antillensis) recovery over 40 years: lessons for successful palm conservation.
Sabal antillensis is endemic to the Dutch Caribbean islands of Curaçao and Bonaire. Both island populations were thoroughly assessed in 1979, and subsequent management of both sites differed over the last forty years. Resurvey of these palms in 2018 clearly shows the value of exotic herbivore management for palm conservation: exclusion and management of introduced herbivores coincides with a vast increase in palms on Curaçao. We recommend a similar program for the much smaller and much more vulnerable population on Bonaire, as well as continued propagation of seeds for outplanting.