Tree alignment diagnosis of the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas.
This research carried out in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas between July and November 2016, the objective was to perform a dasometric diagnosis as well as the physical and sanitary conditions of tree alignment in the city. Using a random sampling method on the urban divisions of the city, the species and number of tree, height, diameter, crown coverage, damages and affectations to the urban infrastructure were determined. A total of 7539 trees, distributed in 38 families, 88 genders and 114 species were recorded; 74% of the individuals are introduced, most of the trees have physical and sanitary conditions from regular to good, the most frequent damages are the lifting of sidewalks, exposed roots and interference with aerial wiring. Through this study, the importance of the role that trees play in the cities is confirmed. To ensure the ability to provide environmental services and ensure their sustainability, it is necessary to incorporate integrated management programs for urban trees at the municipal level. Finally, it is important to highlight that in the cities the damage caused to nature due to poorly planned urbanization and accelerated demographic growth are more evident. Undoubtedly, the citizens are the main modelers of change in the urban environment, influencing directly its development.