Developments of potential applications to prevent animal injuries by using their secretions.
In this report, we introduce two potential applications to overcome the behavior problems of free-roaming cats and to develop scent lures of the small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus). Increasing free-roaming cats are causing various social and ecological problems worldwide. To address these problems while also considering animal welfare issues, we applied cat urinary extracts for manipulating the behavior of free-roaming cats. We found that areas in which the urinary extract was presented were protected from cats' scent marking behavior using urine and feces. The small Indian mongoose is an invasive species in Okinawa and Amami-Oshima, Japan. Major strategies for their eradication have been the use of baited traps, which suffer from decreasing efficiency with declining populations and the bycatch of native animals. To address these concerns, mongoose-specific lures have been required. We identified 2-phenyl-ethanol, a dominant odorant in roses, as a female-specific volatile compound of anal sac secretions in this species. This compound may be useful as an ingredient of mongoose-specific scent lures.