Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Genome sequence characterization of canine parvoviruses prevalent in the Sichuan province of China.

Abstract

Canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) infection is responsible for large numbers of animal deaths worldwide and is one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in young puppies. Twenty-four rectal swabs were collected from dogs with clinical signs of vomiting and haemorrhagic diarrhoea and were initially verified to be infected with CPV-2 using colloidal gold test strips. From the 24 CPV-positive samples, complete genome of 5050-5054 nucleotides was sequenced with a next-generation sequencing platform. Characteristics of the Open Reading Frames from different CPV-2 strains detected in this study were analyzed. Several VP2 point mutations were discovered, and demonstrated the co-circulation of new CPV-2a, new CPV-2b and CPV-2c in Sichuan province of China. The analysis results of the Chinese CPV-2 retrieved from the NCBI nucleotide, showed that new CPV-2a has become the predominant variant in some provinces of China. Phylogenetic analysis of global VP2 and NS1 nucleotide sequences revealed certain correlations among geographical regions, types and circulating time, which lays the foundation for further research concerning the epidemiology, genetic variation, vaccination and molecular evolutionary relationships of the CPV-2 identified at different times and from different regions.