Population of stray dogs: potential "eco bomb".
The population of stray dogs has been present for many years in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the absence of human support for dogs causes the activation of their self-sustaining mechanisms and return to the natural pattern of behaviour. Analysing risk factors for the presence of dogs in urban and rural areas has a negative impact on the health of the population. Excretion of urine and faeces and the pollution of public and arable land is caused by the sporadic appearance of some zoonosis like echinococcosis. The largest number of dog bites was recorded in Tuzla Canton, and in the Sarajevo Canton there were 98 bites per 100 000 inhabitants. No case of human rabies was found despite the large number of stray dogs, as well as a large number of people which are bitten in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Reducing the large number of stray dogs requires set measures and activities such as applicable legal framework, sustainable housing, castration of dogs, construction of shelters and euthanasia of sick and aggressive dogs.