Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Niclomec as an effective anthelmintic for sheep and goats.

Abstract

Helminthic diseases cause significant damage to livestock, in turn, control and preven-tion with invasions, is one of the important sources of increasing the productivity of small horned animals. The economic damage caused by helminthiases is determined not only by the death of animals, but also by a sharp decline in productivity, a delay in the growth and development of young animals, poor fodder conversion ratio, a decrease in fertility, and increased susceptibility to other diseases. All this predetermined the need to test the effectiveness of new agents for the treatment and prevention of these diseases. Currently, for antiparasitic treatments of small horned animals in veterinary practice, drugs with a wide range of anthelmintic effects are used. LLC "NVC Agrovetzashchita" has developed a new medicinal form of the antiparasitic Nicklomek drug, as the active substances 1 ml of Nicklomek contains: ivermektin - 1 mg, niklosamid - 200 mg and auxiliary substances. In this connection, the effectiveness of a new preparation of Nicklomek against nematodes and cestodes in sheep and goats was studied on the basis of the experimental station in the All-Russian Research Institute of Sheep and Goat Breeding, a branch of the North Caucasus Agricultural Research Center (Tsimlyansky, Shpakovsky district, Stavropol Territory). According to the results of coprological studies, a high efficacy of the Nicklomek drug at a dose of 1 ml/10 kg of the animal live weight against nematodes of the gastrointestinal tract (IE=96.7% and EE=70%) and moniesis (EE=100%) in sheep was established. In goats, the preparation of Nicklomek showed an intensiveness of 90.4% against nematodes of the gastrointestinal tract, and the extensiveness of the drug was very low and equaled 12.5%. Against cestodes, the drug showed 0% of effectiveness. For goats, in our opinion, the dose of the drug should be increased to 1.5 ml/10 kg of live weight.