Economic study of the behaviour of wood in Ecuador in the last years. 2009-2017.
This paper studies the behavior of wood in Ecuador Recognizing that it is an important source of work and income in rural areas, the growth of industry in the world and Bill 131,715,000,000 of dollars in 2013, according to the records of the International Trade Center (ITC), its production worldwide is estimated at approximately 3.5 billion cubic meters, a large percentage is used for air conditioning and other food preparation. Ecuador's wood production is at least 70 years old, the potential of the renewable natural resources that this country has, has numerous logging species, both in different native and exotic forest crops, due to the location Geographical area of the country with areas that have up to twelve hours of daylight all year round. Ecuador has an area of 5′ 675.402 hectares of mountains and natural forests, the largest amount is in the Amazon, followed by the coast and in lesser quantity in the Interandina region or Sierra. There are forests that survive because they are in inaccessible areas in the northwestern part of the province of Esmeraldas. Wood is an important part of the survival strategies of small and medium-sized producers in Ecuador, in some communities, constitutes up to 50% of the income of the families, according to the Ecuadorian Association of Wood Industry, about 200 A thousand people are linked to the sector in the country, taking into account the entire production chain that covers the industry: forestry, wood, furniture and, primarily, the artisanal sector that is concentrated in rural areas and small towns in the country. The employment generated in the economically active population (EAP) is not the only advantage, since the forestry sector can replace oil in Ecuador. One of the highest volumes of revenue is received with the marketing of the raft, with a difference in the other types of wood of 150 million dollars. The Objeticos analyzed in this research consisted in presenting an analysis of the transformation and commercialization of the wood in Ecuador, to determine the contribution of the production of wood to the economy of Ecuador, to make known the levels of Export of wood in our country, to know the behavior of wood production in recent years. To carry out this study, research was carried out in different secondary sources with which the conclusions were determined: the process of commercialization of wood is based on sales in the internal and external market of pine, eucalyptus, Chanul, Seike, Arenillo, Balsa, Teak, Laurel, among others. The GDP forestry, wood extraction and related activities (wood), is fundamental within the Ecuadorian economy, contributes in the year 2013 and 2014 with 7.3 and 3.4% respectively, to the generation of the gross domestic product, although in the year 2015, and 2016 suffers A drop in production. Exports with more representation are given in the year 2015 with 263,452 thousand dollars, the raft being the main export product.