Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Evaluation of host resistance and fungicide application as tools for the management of root rot of field pea caused by Aphanomyces euteiches.

Abstract

Aphanomyces root rot (ARR) of field pea (Pisum sativum), caused by Aphanomyces euteiches, can cause severe root damage, wilting, and large yield losses under wet soil conditions. To identify ways to manage this disease, the effect of A. euteiches inoculum density on field pea was studied under greenhouse and field conditions in 2015 and 2016. Increases in inoculum density reduced seedling emergence, root nodulation, and plant vigor, and resulted in increased root rot severity in both field and greenhouse tests. Seed treatments with the fungicides Apron Advance (thiabendazole+fludioxonil+metalaxyl)+Vibrance (difenoconazole+metalaxyl-M+sedaxane), INTEGO Solo (ethaboxam), BAS 516F (boscalid+pyraclostrobin), BAS 720F (metalaxyl+pyraclostrobin+fluxapyroxad), and BAS 516F+BAS 720F (3:1) were evaluated for their efficacy against ARR. All seed treatments except Apron Advance+Vibrance reduced root rot severity under controlled conditions. BAS 516F, BAS 720F and INTEGO Solo improved plant vigor and all treatments reduced seedling blight to varying degrees under greenhouse conditions, but not in the field. A collection of 22 pea genotypes was evaluated for resistance to root rot in field plot experiments. Line 00-2067 showed the least severe root rot symptoms, whereas 'Spring D' showed the lowest reduction in yield. The results suggest that there may be an opportunity to combine partial host resistance and fungicidal seed treatments to adequately manage ARR of field pea.